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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

Churchill and Roosevelt in the German capital occupied by the Allied
troops., and watch their triumphant march on the squares where Hitler's
brown shirts had once goose-stepped. An encounter between the Bio-
Three in Berlin at this stage meant that item number one on the programme
would be — Germany, and, at the best, he would have had to bargain
on equal terms with the leaders of the Atlantic Democracies over the
question of the rest of Europe and parts of Asia. Once in Germany,
the Allied troops were not much further away to Austria, Hungary,
Yugoslavia than was his Red Army, and, taking into consideration their
powerful air armada, perhaps even nearer to Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey
.... The defeat of Germany in the main theatre of war was bound
to be succeeded by the sudden and imminent crash on all her war fronts.
Obviously to hasten the conclusion of hostilities, the Red Army should
have attacked farther westward—the stage was set, the roads were dry,
the rivers at their autumn low level while before Berlin the bulk of the
German armies waited. . . .
At that precise moment, contrary to Britain and the United States,
Germany represented political aim number two, for the Russian Dictator.
The fate of Nazism had already been sealed, the Luftwaffe had fallen to
pieces, the navy had been destroyed, only the army was still capable
of showing fight; and so, leaving the Germans to the Allies, Stalin
pushed forward with all the strength he could muster (using his reserves
and withdrawing troops from the Vistula front) in the direction of Rumania,
Hungary, Yugoslavia, Austria and Bulgaria, The ' Committees * of Free
Hungarians, Free Austrians etc., tagged along behind the Red Army.
From the first the British idea of developing the 6 second front' in the
Balkans had been stubbornly thwarted by Moscow. They (the Soviets),
demanded an attack on the main battlefield, an Allied attack directed
towards the heart of Germany. The history of these negotiations, the
sequence of threats and promises, which ultimately resulted in forcing
Britain to renounce any. idea of an action in the Balkans and to plan
instead a frontal attack on Germany across the Channel, under the most
hazardous and unfavourable conditions, is as yet still shrouded in mist,
but the outcome has since been clearly recorded and, successful though
it was . . . has proved painful to both British interests and British
pride.
In the summer of 1944^ the Red Army, instead of co-operating in an
all-out attack on Berlin began the conquest of those vast territories
between the Carpathian Mountains and the Mediterranean, defended only
by the second-rate forces of Hitler's satellites. Late that August, Rumania
capitulated and on September 13, signed an armistice. On his own decision
and without consulting the Allies, Statin transferred Transylvania from
that country to Hungary. England made no protest and Washington
limited its observation to the effect that the change must be settled in
the frame of the Peace Conference. The American and British companies
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